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How Bed Bug Treatments Work

Bed bugs are one of the fastest-spreading pests throughout American homes. Prior to World War II, these bugs were extremely common in homes, but eventually pest control companies began using strong chemical treatments in order to get rid of bed bugs. DDT was the main pesticide used for the removal of these pests in the 1940’s and ‘50s, but the use of this chemical was eventually restricted.

Due to the restriction of DDT, pest control companies have had a hard time finding the best way to remove bed bugs from the home. Thankfully, several effective treatments have emerged after much trial and error, and most providers have the best luck when using several of these methods at once. If bed bugs become a problem in your home the most important thing you can do is get in touch with a provider as soon as possible in order to treat the problem before it gets out of hand.


Signs of bed bug activity: Most homeowners realize that bed bugs are a problem in their home following bites that appear during the night. Homeowners don’t realize that they are being bitten, because bed bugs push anesthetics into the skin as they feed. These bites are the first sign of the activity of these pests, and if you’ve noticed such bites on multiple occurrences you should quickly get in touch with a pest control company.

Monitoring devices: Many providers make use of monitoring devices to confirm that pests are present within the home. These devices are placed underneath the legs of beds and couches, as the bed bugs attempt to climb these legs they will fall into the device where they remain, unable to escape. It can take up to several weeks for bugs to appear in these traps, so don’t dismiss the chance of infestation following a couple of days without a sighting in the trap.

Bed bug dogs: More and more pest control providers are turning to what may seem like an unconventional approach to bed bug detection. Dogs that have been trained to sniff out the presence of these pests are commonly being used to identify infested apartment buildings and hotels. Office buildings and retail environments are other places where these dogs are used for pest identification. A well-trained dog has much better luck at locating these pests than a human, even a pest control professional.

Stopping the spread of bed bugs: Apartment complexes and town homes face a very high risk of bed bug infestation. If you live in a home that features shared walls you need to be extremely cautious about these pests. If a neighbor’s home becomes infested you could be facing the same problem in no time. All connected units should be inspected following a bed bug sighting in a complex. If these pests are present in your home and your landlord fails to inspect neighboring units you should alert them of the risk of infestation.


There are many types of treatments that are commonly used to rid homes around the nation of these blood-sucking pests. The best way to ensure that bed bugs do not remain a problem in your home is to use multiple treatment techniques throughout your home. Here are some of the most commonly used bed bug treatment methods:

Pretreat your home by vacuuming: Bed bugs leave a lot behind. Dead bugs, discarded skins and empty egg cases are all commonly found in homes that bed bugs have decided to take residence in. By using a high-powered vacuum you can remove some of these signs of bed bug presence. This is helpful to technicians, because when they arrive in your home they will have an easier time telling the difference between live pests and the signs of their presence.

If using a vacuum to remove these signs it is important that you take extra care when disposing of the bag. If not properly discarded live bugs could find their way out of your vacuum and back into the home. Only use a vacuum with a removable bag, and seal the bag before disposing of it outside of your home.

Heat treatments: One of the pest control methods that bed bugs are least resistant to is heat treatments. These pests do not fare well in high temperatures, and when a home is heated to 117°F – 122°F bed bugs will die. The temperature of your entire home may be raised during this treatment. To get rid of pests that are hiding out within mattresses or other furniture, some pest control companies use a steam cleaning tool. These tools push steam into the fabric, causing the bed bugs to die. Steam cleaning as a treatment can be very tricky, and only professionals should attempt this. If not done correctly you could spread bed bugs to other parts of the room. If the wand on the cleaner is moved too quickly you could fail to send in enough steam into the furniture to put an end to bed bugs.

Chemical treatments: Bed bugs do not always respond to chemical treatments. Usually this is because the pests will only come in contact with to dried chemical residue. By applying these treatments directly to the pests and the areas that they inhabit there is a better chance of these sprays proving effective.

Don’t allow your home to become overrun with bed bugs or other pests. Give a licensed pest control provider a call as soon as you suspect that you may have an infestation problem on your hands. Don’t wait until infestation worsens, start searching for the best provider for your pest problem today.

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